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About Pigsty

Learn about Pigsty itself: features, values, history, license, privacy policy, events, and news.

1 - Features

Why using Pigsty? The features and values of Pigsty

PostgreSQL In Great STYle”: Postgres, Infras, Graphics, Service, Toolbox, it’s all Yours.

—— Battery-Included, Local-First PostgreSQL Distribution as an Open-Source RDS Alternative



  • Battery-Included RDS: Delivers production-ready PostgreSQL services from version 12-16 on Linux x86, spanning kernel to RDS distribution.
  • Plentiful Extensions: Integrates 220+ extensions, providing turnkey capabilities for time-series, geospatial, full-text-search, vector and more!
  • Flexible Architecture: Compose Redis/Etcd/MinIO/Mongo modules on nodes, monitoring existing cluster and remote RDS, self-hosting Supabase.
  • Stunning Observability: Leveraging the Prometheus/Grafana modern observability stack, and provides unmatched database insights.
  • Proven Reliability: Self-healing HA architecture with automatic failover and uninterrupted client access, and pre-configured PITR.
  • Great Maintainability: Declarative API, GitOps ready, foolproof design, Database/Infra-as-Code, and management SOP seals complexity!
  • Sound Security: Nothing needs to be worried about database security, as long as your hardware & credentials are safe.
  • Versatile Application: Lots of applications work well with PostgreSQL. Run them in one command with docker.
  • Open Source & Free: Pigsty is a free & open source software under AGPLv3. It was built for PostgreSQL with love.

Pigsty is built-upon industry best practices:

Pigsty can be used in different scenarios:

  • Run HA PostgreSQL RDS for production usage, with PostGIS, TimescaleDB, Citus, Hydra, etc…
  • Run AI infra stack with pgvector and PostgresML.
  • Develop low-code apps with self-hosted Supabase, FerretDB, and NocoDB.
  • Run various business software & apps with docker-compose templates.
  • Run demos & data apps, analyze data, and visualize them with ECharts panels.


Battery-Included RDS

Run production-grade RDS for PostgreSQL on your own machine in 10 minutes!

While PostgreSQL shines as a database kernel, it excels as a Relational Database Service (RDS) with Pigsty’s touch.

Pigsty is compatible with PostgreSQL 12-16 and runs seamlessly on EL 7, 8, 9, Debian 11/12, Ubuntu 20/22 and similar OS distributions. It integrates the kernel with a rich set of extensions, provides all the essentials for a production-ready RDS, an entire set of infrastructure runtime coupled with fully automated deployment playbooks. With everything bundled for offline installation without internet connectivity.

You can transit from a fresh node to a production-ready state effortlessly, deploy a top-tier PostgreSQL RDS service in a mere 10 minutes. Pigsty will tune parameters to your hardware, handling everything from kernel, extensions, pooling, load balancing, high-availability, monitoring & logging, backups & PITR, security and more! All you need to do is run the command and connect with the given URL.


Plentiful Extensions

Harness the might of the most advanced Open-Source RDBMS or the world!

PostgreSQL’s has an unique extension ecosystem. Pigsty seamlessly integrates these powerful extensions, delivering turnkey distributed solutions for time-series, geospatial, and vector capabilities.

Pigsty boasts over 220 PostgreSQL extensions, and maintaining some not found in official PGDG repositories. Rigorous testing ensures flawless integration for core extensions: Leverage PostGIS for geospatial data, TimescaleDB for time-series analysis, Citus for horizontal scale out, PGVector for AI embeddings, Apache AGE for graph data, ParadeDB for Full-Text Search, and Hydra, DuckdbFDW, pg_analytics for OLAP workloads!

You can also run self-hosted Supabase & PostgresML with Pigsty managed HA PostgreSQL. If you want to add your own extension, feel free to suggest or compile it by yourself.


Flexible Architecture

modular design, composable, Redis/MinIO/Etcd/Mongo support, and monitoring existing PG & RDS

All functionality is abstracted as Modules that can be freely composed for different scenarios. INFRA gives you a modern observability stack, while NODE can be used for host monitoring. Installing the PGSQL module on multiple nodes will automatically form a HA cluster.

And you can also have dedicated ETCD clusters for distributed consensus & MinIO clusters for backup storage. REDIS are also supported since they work well with PostgreSQL. You can reuse Pigsty infra and extend it with your Modules (e.g. GPSQL, KAFKA, MONGO, MYSQL…).

Moreover, Pigsty’s INFRA module can be used alone — ideal for monitoring hosts, databases, or cloud RDS.


Stunning Observability

Unparalleled monitoring system based on modern observability stack and open-source best-practice!

Pigsty will automatically monitor any newly deployed components such as Node, Docker, HAProxy, Postgres, Patroni, Pgbouncer, Redis, Minio, and itself. There are 30+ default dashboards and pre-configured alerting rules, which will upgrade your system’s observability to a whole new level. Of course, it can be used as your application monitoring infrastructure too.

There are over 3K+ metrics that describe every aspect of your environment, from the topmost overview dashboard to a detailed table/index/func/seq. As a result, you can have complete insight into the past, present, and future.

Check the dashboard gallery and public demo for more details.


Proven Reliability

Pigsty has pre-configured HA & PITR for PostgreSQL to ensure your database service is always reliable.

Hardware failures are covered by self-healing HA architecture powered by patroni, etcd, and haproxy, which will perform auto failover in case of leader failure (RTO < 30s), and there will be no data loss (RPO = 0) in sync mode. Moreover, with the self-healing traffic control proxy, the client may not even notice a switchover/replica failure.

Software Failures, human errors, and Data Center Failures are covered with Cold backups & PITR, which are implemented with pgBackRest. It allows you to travel time to any point in your database’s history as long as your storage is capable. You can store them in the local backup disk, built-in MinIO cluster, or S3 service.

Large organizations have used Pigsty for several years. One of the largest deployments has 25K CPU cores and 220+ massive PostgreSQL instances. In the past three years, there have been dozens of hardware failures & incidents, but the overall availability remains several nines (99.999% +).


Great Maintainability

Infra as Code, Database as Code, Declarative API & Idempotent Playbooks, GitOPS works like a charm.

Pigsty provides a declarative interface: Describe everything in a config file, and Pigsty operates it to the desired state. It works like Kubernetes CRDs & Operators but for databases and infrastructures on any nodes: bare metal or virtual machines.

To create cluster/database/user/extension, expose services, or add replicas. All you need to do is to modify the cluster definition and run the idempotent playbook. Databases & Nodes are tuned automatically according to their hardware specs, and monitoring & alerting is pre-configured. As a result, database administration becomes much more manageable.

Pigsty has a full-featured sandbox powered by Vagrant, a pre-configured one or 4-node environment for testing & demonstration purposes. You can also provision required IaaS resources from cloud vendors with Terraform templates.


Sound Security

Nothing needs to be worried about database security, as long as your hardware & credentials are safe.

Pigsty use SSL for API & network traffic, Encryption for password & backups, HBA rules for host & clients, and access control for users & objects.

Pigsty has an easy-to-use, fine-grained, and fully customizable access control framework based on roles, privileges, and HBA rules. It has four default roles: read-only, read-write, admin (DDL), offline (ETL), and four default users: dbsu, replicator, monitor, and admin. Newly created database objects will have proper default privileges for those roles. And client access is restricted by a set of HBA rules that follows the least privilege principle.

Your entire network communication can be secured with SSL. Pigsty will automatically create a self-signed CA and issue certs for that. Database credentials are encrypted with the scram-sha-256 algorithm, and cold backups are encrypted with the AES-256 algorithm when using MinIO/S3. Admin Pages and dangerous APIs are protected with HTTPS, and access is restricted from specific admin/infra nodes.


Versatile Application

Lots of applications work well with PostgreSQL. Run them in one command with docker.

The database is usually the most tricky part of most software. Since Pigsty already provides the RDS. It could be nice to have a series of docker templates to run software in stateless mode and persist their data with Pigsty-managed HA PostgreSQL (or Redis, MinIO), including Gitlab, Gitea, Wiki.js, NocoDB, Odoo, Jira, Confluence, Harbour, Mastodon, Discourse, and KeyCloak.

Pigsty also provides a toolset to help you manage your database and build data applications in a low-code fashion: PGAdmin4, PGWeb, ByteBase, PostgREST, Kong, and higher “Database” that use Postgres as underlying storage, such as EdgeDB, FerretDB, and Supabase. And since you already have Grafana & Postgres, You can quickly make an interactive data application demo with them. In addition, advanced visualization can be achieved with the built-in ECharts panel.


Open Source & Free

Pigsty is a free & open source software under AGPLv3. It was built for PostgreSQL with love.

Pigsty allows you to run production-grade RDS on your hardware without suffering from human resources. As a result, you can achieve the same or even better reliability & performance & maintainability with only 5% ~ 40% cost compared to Cloud RDS PG. As a result, you may have an RDS with a lower price even than ECS.

There will be no vendor lock-in, annoying license fee, and node/CPU/core limit. You can have as many RDS as possible and run them as long as possible. All your data belongs to you and is under your control.

Pigsty is free software under AGPLv3. It’s free of charge, but beware that freedom is not free, so use it at your own risk! It’s not very difficult, and we are glad to help. For those enterprise users who seek professional consulting services, we do have a subscription for that.


2 - Modules

This section lists the available feature modules within Pigsty, and future planning modules

Core Modules

Pigsty offers four CORE modules, which are essential for providing PostgreSQL service:

  • PGSQL : An autonomous, highly available PostgreSQL cluster powered by Patroni, Pgbouncer, HAproxy, PgBackrest, and others.
  • INFRA : Local software repository, Prometheus, Grafana, Loki, AlertManager, PushGateway, Blackbox Exporter, etc.
  • NODE : Adjusts the node to the desired state, name, time zone, NTP, ssh, sudo, haproxy, docker, promtail, keepalived.
  • ETCD : Distributed key-value store, serving as the DCS (Distributed Consensus System) for the highly available Postgres cluster: consensus leadership election, configuration management, service discovery.

Extended Modules

Pigsty offers four OPTIONAL modules,which are not necessary for the core functionality but can enhance the capabilities of PostgreSQL:

  • MINIO: S3-compatible simple object storage server, serving as an optional PostgreSQL database backup repository with production deployment support and monitoring.
  • REDIS: Redis server, a high-performance data structure server supporting standalone master-slave, sentinel, and cluster mode production deployments, with comprehensive monitoring support.
  • MONGO: Native deployment support for FerertDB — adding MongoDB wire protocol level API compatibility to PostgreSQL!
  • DOCKER: Docker Daemon service, allowing users to easily deploy containerized stateless software tool templates, adding various functionalities.

Pilot Modules

Pigsty includes some pilot and planned functional modules. If you’re interested, you may consider trying them out and providing us with suggestions and feedback:

  • DUCK: Pigsty by default includes DuckDB in the offline software package, offering powerful standalone embedded analytics capabilities (Beta).
  • CLOUD:Pigsty plans to use SealOS to provide out-of-the-box production-grade Kubernetes deployment and monitoring support (Beta).
  • MYSQL:Pigsty is researching adding high-availability deployment support for MySQL as an optional extension feature (Alpha).
  • GPSQL:Pigsty plans to support production-level deployment of Greenplum (Alpha).
  • KAFKA:Pigsty plans to offer message queue support (Draft).

Docker Modules

Pigsty also provides some services that can be quickly deployed through the DOCKER module, such as various second-order “databases” that use PostgreSQL as the actual state storage:

  • Supabase: An open-source alternative to Firebase based on PostgreSQL. Pigsty provides the necessary extensions in EL series operating systems to allow you to quickly set up Supabase.
  • FerretDB: An open-source MongoDB alternative based on PostgreSQL. You can quickly deploy containerized FerretDB using Docker Compose.
  • NocoDB: An open-source AirTable alternative based on PostgreSQL, offering low-code application development capabilities. If you need a Web Excel, consider using NocoDB.
  • Metabase: Enables quick in-database data analysis with a friendly web interface toolbox. When you need to explore data in PostgreSQL, consider using Metabase.

Monitoring Other Databases

Pigsty’s INFRA module can be used independently as a plug-and-play monitoring infrastructure for other nodes or existing PostgreSQL databases:

  • Existing PostgreSQL services: Pigsty can monitor external, non-Pigsty managed PostgreSQL services, still providing relatively complete monitoring support.
  • RDS PG: Cloud vendor-provided PostgreSQL RDS services, treated as standard external Postgres instances for monitoring.
  • PolarDB: Alibaba Cloud’s cloud-native database, treated as an external PostgreSQL 11 / 14 instance for monitoring.
  • KingBase: A trusted domestic database provided by People’s University of China, treated as an external PostgreSQL 12 instance for monitoring.
  • Greenplum / YMatrixDB monitoring, currently treated as horizontally partitioned PostgreSQL clusters for monitoring.

Moreover, Pigsty is planning to support monitoring other types of database systems:

  • MySQL: Pigsty currently offers preliminary support for MySQL monitoring (Alpha).
  • Kafka: Pigsty plans to provide monitoring support for Kafka (planned).
  • MongoDB: Pigsty plans to provide monitoring support for MongoDB (planned).

3 - Roadmap

The Pigsty project roadmap, including new features, development plans, and versioning & release policy.

New Features on the Radar

  • Maintaining Deb packages for Pigsty extensions
  • ARM architecture support for infrastructure components
  • Adding more extensions to PostgreSQL
  • A command-line tool that’s actually good
  • More pre-configured scenario-based templates
  • Migrating package repositories and download sources entirely to Cloudflare
  • Deploying and monitoring high-availability Kubernetes clusters with SealOS!
  • Support for PostgreSQL 17 alpha
  • Loki and Promtail seem a bit off; could VictoriaLogs and Vector step up?
  • Swapping Prometheus storage for VictoriaMetrics to handle time-series data
  • Monitoring deployments of MySQL databases
  • Monitoring databases within Kubernetes
  • Offering a richer variety of Docker application templates

Here’s our Issues and Roadmap

Versioning Policy

Pigsty employs semantic versioning, denoted as <major version>.<minor version>.<patch>. Alpha/Beta/RC versions are indicated with a suffix, such as -a1, -b1, -rc1.

Major updates signify foundational changes and a plethora of new features; minor updates typically introduce new features, software package version updates, and minor API changes, while patch updates are meant for bug fixes and documentation improvements.

Pigsty plans to release a major update annually, with minor updates usually following the rhythm of PostgreSQL minor releases, aiming to catch up within a month after a new PostgreSQL version is released, typically resulting in 4 - 6 minor updates annually. For a complete release history, refer to Release Notes.

4 - History

The Origin and Motivation Behind the Pigsty Project, Its Historical Development, and Future Goals and Visions.

Origin Story

The Pigsty project kicked off between 2018 and 2019, originating from Tantan, a dating app akin to China’s Tinder, now acquired by Momo. Tantan, a startup with a Nordic vibe, was founded by a team of Swedish engineers. Renowned for their tech sophistication, they chose PostgreSQL and Go as their core tech stack. Tantan’s architecture, inspired by Instagram, revolves around PostgreSQL. They managed to scale to millions of daily active users, millions of TPS, and hundreds of TBs of data using PostgreSQL exclusively. Almost all business logic was implemented using PG stored procedures, including recommendation algorithms with 100ms latency!

This unconventional development approach, deeply leveraging PostgreSQL features, demanded exceptional engineering and DBA skills. Pigsty emerged from these real-world, high-standard database cluster scenarios as an open-source project encapsulating our top-tier PostgreSQL expertise and best practices.

Dev Journey

Initially, Pigsty didn’t have the vision, objectives, or scope it has today. It was meant to be a PostgreSQL monitoring system for our use. After evaluating every available option—open-source, commercial, cloud-based, datadog, pgwatch,…… none met our observability bar. So, we took matters into our own hands, creating a system based on Grafana and Prometheus, which became the precursor to Pigsty. As a monitoring system, it was remarkably effective, solving countless management issues.

Eventually, developers wanted the same monitoring capabilities on their local dev machines. We used Ansible to write provisioning scripts, transitioning from a one-off setup to a reusable software. New features allowed users to quickly set up local DevBoxes or production servers with Vagrant and Terraform, automating PostgreSQL and monitoring system deployment through Infra as Code.

We then redesigned the production PostgreSQL architecture, introducing Patroni and pgBackRest for high availability and point-in-time recovery. We developed a zero-downtime migration strategy based on logical replication, performing rolling updates across 200 database clusters to the latest major version using blue-green deployments. These capabilities were integrated into Pigsty.

Pigsty, built for our use, reflects our understanding of our needs, avoiding shortcuts. The greatest benefit of “eating our own dog food” is being both developers and users, deeply understanding and not compromising on our requirements.

We tackled one problem after another, incorporating solutions into Pigsty. Its role evolved from a monitoring system to a ready-to-use PostgreSQL distribution. At this stage, we decided to open-source Pigsty, initiating a series of technical talks and promotions, attracting feedback from users across various industries.

Full-time Startup

In 2022, Pigsty secured seed funding from Dr. Qi’s MiraclePlus S22 (Former YC China), enabling me to work on it full-time. As an open-source project, Pigsty has thrived. In the two years since going full-time, its GitHub stars skyrocketed from a few hundred to 2400, On OSSRank, Pigsty ranks 37th among PostgreSQL ecosystem projects.

Originally only compatible with CentOS7, Pigsty now supports all major Linux Distors and PostgreSQL versions 12 - 16, integrating over 220+ extensions from the ecosystem. I’ve personally compiled, packaged, and maintained some extensions not found in official PGDG repositories.

Pigsty’s identity has evolved from a PostgreSQL distribution to an open-source cloud database alternative, directly competing with entire cloud database services offered by cloud providers.

Cloud Rebel

Public cloud vendors like AWS, Azure, GCP, and Aliyun offer many conveniences to startups but are proprietary and lock users into high-cost infra rentals.

We believe that top-notch database services should be as accessible same as top-notch database kernel (PostgreSQL), not confined to costly rentals from cyber lords.

Cloud agility and elasticity are great, but it should be open-source, local-first and cheap enough. We envision a cloud computing universe with an open-source solution, returning the control to users without sacrificing the benefits of the cloud.

Thus, we’re leading the “cloud-exit” movement in China, rebelling against public cloud norms to reshape industry values.

Our Vision

We’d like to see a world where everyone has the factual right to use top services freely, not just view the world from the pens provided by a few public cloud providers.

This is what Pigsty aims to achieve —— a superior, open-source, free RDS alternative. Enabling users to deploy a database service better than cloud RDS with just one click, anywhere (including on cloud servers).

Pigsty is a comprehensive enhancement for PostgreSQL and a spicy satire on cloud RDS. We offer “the Simple Data Stack”, which consists of PostgreSQL, Redis, MinIO, and more optional modules.

Pigsty is entirely open-source and free, sustained through consulting and sponsorship. A well-built system might run for years without issues, but when database problems arise, they’re serious. Often, expert advice can turn a dire situation around, and we offer such services to clients in need—a fairer and more rational model.

About Me

I’m Feng Ruohang, the creator of Pigsty. I’ve developed most of Pigsty’s code solo, with the community contributing specific features.

Unique individuals create unique works —— I hope Pigsty can be one of those creations.

If you are interested in the author, here’s my personal website:

5 - Event & News

Latest activity, event, and news about Pigsty and PostgreSQL.

Latest Event

The name of this project always makes me grin: PIGSTY is actually an acronym, standing for Postgres In Great STYle! It’s a Postgres distribution that includes lots of components and tools out of the box in areas like availability, deployment, and observability. The latest release pushes everything up to Postgres 16.2 standards and introduces new ParadeDB and DuckDB FDW extensions.

Release Event

Version Time Description Release
v2.7.0 2024-05-16 Extension Overwhelming, new docker apps v2.7.0
v2.6.0 2024-02-29 PG 16 as default version, ParadeDB & DuckDB v2.6.0
v2.5.1 2023-12-01 Routine update, pg16 major extensions v2.5.1
v2.5.0 2023-10-24 Ubuntu/Debian Support: bullseye, bookworm, jammy, focal v2.5.0
v2.4.1 2023-09-24 Supabase/PostgresML support, graphql, jwt, pg_net, vault v2.4.1
v2.4.0 2023-09-14 PG16, RDS Monitor, New Extensions v2.4.0
v2.3.1 2023-09-01 PGVector with HNSW, PG16 RC1, Chinese Docs, Bug Fix v2.3.1
v2.3.0 2023-08-20 PGSQL/REDIS Update, NODE VIP, Mongo/FerretDB, MYSQL Stub v2.3.0
v2.2.0 2023-08-04 Dashboard & Provision overhaul, UOS compatibility v2.2.0
v2.1.0 2023-06-10 PostgreSQL 12 ~ 16beta support v2.1.0
v2.0.2 2023-03-31 Add pgvector support and fix MinIO CVE v2.0.2
v2.0.1 2023-03-21 v2 Bug Fix, security enhance and bump grafana version v2.0.1
v2.0.0 2023-02-28 Compatibility Security Maintainability Enhancement v2.0.0
v1.5.1 2022-06-18 Grafana Security Hotfix v1.5.1
v1.5.0 2022-05-31 Docker Applications v1.5.0
v1.4.1 2022-04-20 Bug fix & Full translation of English documents. v1.4.1
v1.4.0 2022-03-31 MatrixDB Support, Separated INFRA, NODES, PGSQL, REDIS v1.4.0
v1.3.0 2021-11-30 PGCAT Overhaul & PGSQL Enhancement & Redis Support Beta v1.3.0
v1.2.0 2021-11-03 Upgrade default Postgres to 14, monitoring existing pg v1.2.0
v1.1.0 2021-10-12 HomePage, JupyterLab, PGWEB, Pev2 & Pgbadger v1.1.0
v1.0.0 2021-07-26 v1 GA, Monitoring System Overhaul v1.0.0
v0.9.0 2021-04-04 Pigsty GUI, CLI, Logging Integration v0.9.0
v0.8.0 2021-03-28 Service Provision v0.8.0
v0.7.0 2021-03-01 Monitor only deployment v0.7.0
v0.6.0 2021-02-19 Architecture Enhancement v0.6.0
v0.5.0 2021-01-07 Database Customize Template v0.5.0
v0.4.0 2020-12-14 PostgreSQL 13 Support, Official Documentation v0.4.0
v0.3.0 2020-10-22 Provisioning Solution GA v0.3.0
v0.2.0 2020-07-10 PGSQL Monitoring v6 GA v0.2.0
v0.1.0 2020-06-20 Validation on Testing Environment v0.1.0
v0.0.5 2020-08-19 Offline Installation Mode v0.0.5
v0.0.4 2020-07-27 Refactor playbooks into ansible roles v0.0.4
v0.0.3 2020-06-22 Interface enhancement v0.0.3
v0.0.2 2020-04-30 First Commit v0.0.2
v0.0.1 2019-05-15 POC v0.0.1

Conferences and Talks

Date Type Event Topic
2023-12-20 Live Debate Open Source Musings, Episode 7 Cloud Up or Down, Harvesting Users or Reducing Costs?
2023-11-24 Tech Conference Vector Databases in the Era of Large Models Roundtable Discussion: The New Future of Vector Databases in the Era of Large Models
2023-09-08 Exclusive Interview Motianlun Notable Figures Interview Feng Ruohang: A Tech Fanatic Who Doesn’t Want to Be Just a Meme Maker Isn’t a Good Open Source Founder
2023-08-16 Tech Conference DTCC 2023 DBA Night: The Open Source Licensing Issue of PostgreSQL vs MySQL
2023-08-09 Live Debate Open Source Musings, Episode 1 MySQL vs PostgreSQL, Who is the World’s Number One?
2023-07-01 Tech Conference SACC 2023 Workshop 8: FinOps Practices: Cloud Cost Management and Optimization
2023-05-12 Offline Event PostgreSQL China Community Wenzhou Offline Salon PG With DB4AI: Vector Database PGVECTOR & AI4DB: Autonomous Driving Database Pigsty
2023-04-08 Tech Conference Database Carnival 2023 A Better Open Source RDS Alternative: Pigsty
2023-04-01 Tech Conference PostgreSQL China Community Xi’an Offline Salon Best Practices for High Availability and Disaster Recovery in PG
2023-03-23 Public Livestream Bytebase x Pigsty Best Practices for Managing PostgreSQL: Bytebase x Pigsty
2023-03-04 Tech Conference PostgreSQL China Tech Conference Bombarding RDS, Release of Pigsty v2.0
2023-02-01 Tech Conference DTCC 2022 Open Source RDS Alternatives: Out-of-the-Box, Self-Driving Database Edition Pigsty
2022-07-21 Live Debate Can Open Source Fight Back Against Cloud Cannibalization? Can Open Source Fight Back Against Cloud Cannibalization?
2022-07-04 Exclusive Interview Creators Speak Post-90s, Quitting Job to Entrepreneur, Aiming to Outperform Cloud Databases
2022-06-28 Public Livestream Beth’s Roundtable SQL Review Best Practices
2022-06-12 Public Roadshow MiraclePlus S22 Demo Day Cost-Effective Database Edition Pigsty
2022-06-05 Video Livestream PG Chinese Community Livestream Sharing Quick Start with New Features of Pigstyv1.5 & Building Production Clusters

6 - Community

Pigsty is Build in Public. We have active community in GitHub

The Pigsty community already offers free WeChat/Discord/Telegram Q&A Office Hours, and we are also happy to provide more free value-added services to our supporters.


Our GitHub Repo: , welcome to watch and star us.

Everyone is very welcome to submit new Issue or create Pull Request, propose feature suggestions and participate in Pigsty contribution.

Star History Chart

Beware that for Pigsty documentation issues, please submit Issue in the repository.




WeChat: Search pigsty-cc and join the User Group.

We have a GPTs for Pigsty documentation QA:

You can also contact me with email:

Ask for Help

When having troubles with pigsty. You can ask the community for help, with enough info & context, here’s a template:

What happened? (REQUIRED)

Pigsty Version & OS Version (REQUIRED)

$ grep version  pigsty.yml 

$ cat /etc/os-release

If you are using a cloud provider, please tell us which cloud provider and what operating system image you are using.

If you have customized and modified the environment after installing the bare OS, or have specific security rules and firewall configurations in your WAN, please also tell us when troubleshooting.

Pigsty Config File (REQUIRED)

Don’t forget to remove sensitive information like passwords, etc…

cat ~/pigsty/pigsty.yml

What did you expect to happen?

Please describe what you expected to happen.

How to reproduce it?

Please tell us as much detail as possible about how to reproduce the problem.

Monitoring Screenshots

If you are using pigsty monitoring system, you can paste RELEVANT screenshots here.

Error Log

Please copy and paste any RELEVANT log output. Do not paste something like “Failed to start xxx service”

  • Syslog: /var/log/messages (rhel) or /var/log/syslog (debian)
  • Postgres: /pg/log/postgres/*
  • Patroni: /pg/log/patroni/*
  • Pgbouncer: /pg/log/pgbouncer/*
  • Pgbackrest: /pg/log/pgbackrest/*
journalctl -u patroni
journalctl -u <service name>

Have you tried the Issue & FAQ?

Anything else we need to know?

The more information and context you provide, the more likely we are to be able to help you solve the problem.

7 - License

Pigsty is open sourced under AGPLv3, here’s the details about permissions, limitations, conditions and exemptions.

Pigsty is open sourced under the AGPLv3 license, which is a copyleft license.


Pigsty use the AGPLv3 license, which is a strong copyleft license that requires you to also distribute the source code of your derivative works under the same license. If you distribute Pigsty, you must make the source code available under the same license, and you must make it clear that the source code is available.


  • Commercial use
  • Modification
  • Distribution
  • Patent use
  • Private use


  • Liability
  • Warranty


  • License and copyright notice
  • State changes
  • Disclose source
  • Network use is distribution
  • Same license

Beware that the Pigsty official website is also open sourced under CC by 4.0 license.


While employing the AGPLv3 license for Pigsty, we extend exemptions to common end users under terms akin to the Apache 2.0 license. Common end users are defined as all entities except public cloud and database service vendors.

These users may utilize Pigsty for commercial activities and service provision without licensing concerns. Our subscription include written guarantees of these terms for additional assurance.

We encourage cloud & databases vendors adhering to AGPLv3 to use Pigsty for derivative works and to contribute to the community.

BOM Inventory

Related software and open source project:

Module Software Name License
PGSQL PostgreSQL PostgreSQL License (BSD-Like)
PGSQL pgbouncer ISC License
PGSQL patroni MIT License
PGSQL pgbackrest MIT License
PGSQL vip-manager BSD 2-Clause License
PGSQL pg_exporter Apache License 2.0
NODE node_exporter Apache License 2.0
NODE haproxy HAPROXY’s License (GPLv2)
NODE keepalived MIT License
INFRA Grafana, Loki GNU Affero General Public License v3.0
INFRA Prometheus Apache License 2.0
INFRA Ansible GNU General Public License v3.0
ETCD etcd Apache License 2.0
MINIO MinIO GNU Affero General Public License v3.0
REDIS Redis Redis License (3-clause BSD)
REDIS Redis Exporter MIT License
MONGO FerretDB Apache License 2.0
DOCKER docker-ce Apache License 2.0
CLOUD Sealos Apache License 2.0
External Vagrant Business Source License 1.1
External Terraform Business Source License 1.1
External Virtualbox GPLv2

PostgreSQL Extensions:

Extension Name License
PostGIS PostGIS (GPLv2+)
Citus AGPLv3
TimescaleDB Timescale
PGVector PostgreSQL (BSD-Like)
pg_repack BSD 3-Clause
wal2json BSD 3-Clause
scws BSD-Like
zhparser BSD-Like
pg_roaringbitmap Apache-2.0
pg_tle Apache-2.0
pgsql-http MIT
pgsql-gzip MIT
pgjwt MIT
vault Apache-2.0
pointcloud Apache-Like
imgsmlr Postgres License
pg_similarity BSD-Like
pg_bigm BSD-Like
hydra AGPLv3
pg_net Apache-2.0
pg_filedump GPLv2
age Apache-2.0
duckdb_fdw MIT
pg_sparse Postgres License
pg_graphql Apache-2.0
pgml MIT
pg_search AGPLv3
pg_analytics AGPLv3
pg_graphql Apache-2.0
pg_jsonschema Apache-2.0
wrappers Apache-2.0
pgmq PostgreSQL
pg_tier Apache-2.0
pg_vectorize PostgreSQL
pg_later PostgreSQL
pg_idkit Apache-2.0
plprql Apache-2.0
pgsmcrypto MIT
pg_tiktoken Apache-2.0
pgdd MIT
plv8 BSD 2-Clause Like
pg_tde MIT
md5hash BSD Like?
pg_dirtyread BSD 3-Clause Like


                       Version 3, 19 November 2007

 Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <>
 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


  The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license for
software and other kinds of works, specifically designed to ensure
cooperation with the community in the case of network server software.

  The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed
to take away your freedom to share and change the works.  By contrast,
our General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to
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  When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
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  Developers that use our General Public Licenses protect your rights
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  A secondary benefit of defending all users' freedom is that
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The GNU General Public License permits making a modified version and
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  The GNU Affero General Public License is designed specifically to
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  An older license, called the Affero General Public License and
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  The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
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                       TERMS AND CONDITIONS

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  "This License" refers to version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License.

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  The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users
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  All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of
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  You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you
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  A compilation of a covered work with other separate and independent
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  6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.

  You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms
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  7. Additional Terms.

  "Additional permissions" are terms that supplement the terms of this
License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions.
Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall
be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent
that they are valid under applicable law.  If additional permissions
apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately
under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by
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  When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option
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  Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you
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  All other non-permissive additional terms are considered "further
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received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is
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  8. Termination.

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  However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your
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  Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the
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  9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.

  You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or
run a copy of the Program.  Ancillary propagation of a covered work
occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission
to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance.  However,
nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or
modify any covered work.  These actions infringe copyright if you do
not accept this License.  Therefore, by modifying or propagating a
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  10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.

  Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically
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  11. Patents.

  A "contributor" is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this
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work thus licensed is called the contributor's "contributor version".

  A contributor's "essential patent claims" are all patent claims
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hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted
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but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a
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  Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free
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  In the following three paragraphs, a "patent license" is any express
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  If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license,
and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone
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then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so
available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the
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consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent
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covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work
in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that
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  If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or
arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a
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receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify
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you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered
work and works based on it.

  A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within
the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is
conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are
specifically granted under this License.  You may not convey a covered
work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is
in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment
to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying
the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the
parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory
patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work
conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily
for and in connection with specific products or compilations that
contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement,
or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.

  Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting
any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may
otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.

  12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.

  If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
excuse you from the conditions of this License.  If you cannot convey a
covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may
not convey it at all.  For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you
to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey
the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this
License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.

  13. Remote Network Interaction; Use with the GNU General Public License.

  Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, if you modify the
Program, your modified version must prominently offer all users
interacting with it remotely through a computer network (if your version
supports such interaction) an opportunity to receive the Corresponding
Source of your version by providing access to the Corresponding Source
from a network server at no charge, through some standard or customary
means of facilitating copying of software.  This Corresponding Source
shall include the Corresponding Source for any work covered by version 3
of the GNU General Public License that is incorporated pursuant to the
following paragraph.

  Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have
permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed
under version 3 of the GNU General Public License into a single
combined work, and to convey the resulting work.  The terms of this
License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,
but the work with which it is combined will remain governed by version
3 of the GNU General Public License.

  14. Revised Versions of this License.

  The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of
the GNU Affero General Public License from time to time.  Such new versions
will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.

  Each version is given a distinguishing version number.  If the
Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU Affero General
Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered
version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation.  If the Program does not specify a version number of the
GNU Affero General Public License, you may choose any version ever published
by the Free Software Foundation.

  If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future
versions of the GNU Affero General Public License can be used, that proxy's
public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you
to choose that version for the Program.

  Later license versions may give you additional or different
permissions.  However, no additional obligations are imposed on any
author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a
later version.

  15. Disclaimer of Warranty.


  16. Limitation of Liability.


  17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.

  If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided
above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms,
reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates
an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a
copy of the Program in return for a fee.

                     END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

            How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

  If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

  To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

    Copyright (C) 2018-2024  Ruohang Feng, Author of Pigsty

    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    GNU Affero General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <>.

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

  If your software can interact with users remotely through a computer
network, you should also make sure that it provides a way for users to
get its source.  For example, if your program is a web application, its
interface could display a "Source" link that leads users to an archive
of the code.  There are many ways you could offer source, and different
solutions will be better for different programs; see section 13 for the
specific requirements.

  You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,
if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.
For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU AGPL, see

8 - Sponsorship

Sponsors and Investors of Pigsty, Thank You for Your Support of This Project!


Pigsty is funded by MiraclePlus (formal YC China), S22 Batch.

Thanks to MiraclePlus and Dr.Qi’s support.


Pigsty is a free & open-source software nurtured by the passion of PostgreSQL community members.

If our work has helped you, please consider sponsoring or supporting our project. Every penny counts, and advertisements are also a form of support:

  • Make Donation & Sponsor us.
  • Share your experiences and use cases of Pigsty through articles, lectures, and videos.
  • Allow us to mention your organization in “These users who use Pigsty”
  • Nominate/Recommend our project and services to your friends, colleagues, and clients in need.
  • Follow our WeChat Column and share technical articles with your friends.

9 - Privacy Policy

How we process your data & protect your privacy in this website and pigsty’s software.

Pigsty Software

When you install the Pigsty software, if you use offline packages in a network-isolated environment, we will not receive any data about you.

If you choose to install online, then when downloading relevant software packages, our server or the servers of our cloud providers will automatically log the visiting machine’s IP address and/or hostname, as well as the name of the software package you downloaded, in the logs.

We will not share this information with other organizations unless legally required to do so.

The domain name used by Pigsty is:

Pigsty Website

When you visit our website, our servers automatically log your IP address and/or host name.

We store information such as your email address, name and locality only if you decide to send us such information by completing a survey, or registering as a user on one of our sites

We collect this information to help us improve the content of our sites, customize the layout of our web pages and to contact people for technical and support purposes. We will not share your email address with other organisations unless required by law.

This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). Google Analytics uses “cookies”, which are text files placed on your computer, to help the website analyze how users use the site.

The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on servers in the United States. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity for website operators and providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google’s behalf. Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google. You may refuse the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser, however please note that if you do this you may not be able to use the full functionality of this website. By using this website, you consent to the processing of data about you by Google in the manner and for the purposes set out above.

If you have any questions or comments around this policy, or to request the deletion of personal data, you can contact us at

10 - Service

Pigsty has professional support which provides services & consulting to cover corner-cases!

Pigsty is a battery-included use PostgreSQL database distribution, a local-first alternative to RDS/cloud database services, allowing users to run a fully-featured local RDS service at a hardware cost of just a few core months. The software itself is completely open-source and free. If it has helped you, please consider sponsoring us.

Although Pigsty is designed to replace manual database operations with database autopilot software, even the best software can only solve some problems. There will always be some infrequent issues and various problems not limited to technology that require expert intervention. Therefore, we also offer professional service subscriptions.

Available Plans

Pigsty OSS
But no Warranty

PG: 16

OS: 3 major distro

  • EL 8.9
  • Debian 12
  • Ubuntu 22.04

Modules: Core Modules

SLA: Not Available

Community Support

Pigsty Basic
7,000 $ / year
or 700 $/month

PG: 15, 16

OS: 5 major distro

  • EL 7.9 / 8.9 / 9.3
  • Ubuntu 20.04 / 22.04
  • Debian 11 / 12

Modules: All Available

SLA: 5 x 8 (<48h)

Basic Support

  • Bug Fix
  • Security Patch
  • Failure Analysis
  • Upgrade Path

Pigsty Professional
20,000 $ / year
or 2,000 $/month

PG: 14, 15, 16

OS: 5x full minor distros

  • EL 7.x / 8.x / 9.x
  • Ubuntu 20.x / 22.x
  • Debian 11.x / 12.x

Modules: All Available

SLA:5 x 8 (<4h)

Professional Consulting

  • Bug Fix
  • Security Patch
  • Failure Analysis
  • Upgrade Path
  • DBA Consulting

Pigsty Enterprise
50,000 $ / year
or 5,000 $/month

PG: 12 - 16

OS: Be Spoke

  • EL, Debian, Ubuntu
  • UOS / Anolis / Cloud
  • ARM64, Be spoke

Modules: All Available

SLA:7 x 24 (on-call)

Enterprise Service

  • Bug Fix
  • Security Patch
  • Failure Analysis
  • Upgrade Path
  • DBA Consulting
  • Arch Review
  • Outage on-call

Service Subscription

Plan Open Source Standard Pro Enterprise
Who Self-sufficient OSS Guru, Developers Elite tech team who seeks assurance suitable choice for common users critical scenario which require strict SLA
Price (Year) Free under AGPLv3 7,000 $ / Year 20,000 $ / Year 50,000 $ / Year
Price (Month) Free under AGPLv3 700 $ / Month 2,000 $ / Month 5,000 $ / Month
Node Size Unlimited <= 5 <= 15 <= 40
Consult Community Support
Groups, Issues, Discuz
Bug Fix & Security Patch
Failure Analysis
Upgrade Path
Bug Fix & Security Patch
Failure Analysis
Upgrade Path
DBA Consulting
Bug Fix & Security Patch
Failure Analysis
Upgrade Path
DBA Consulting
Arch Review
Outage on-call
Service - One-time setup (< 1 day) 2 free expert days / Year 4 free expert days / Year
PG Support the latest major version
PG 16
Last 2 version
PG 15, 16
Last 3 version
PG 14, 15, 16
Lifecycle Version
PG 12 - 16
OS Support EL 8.9
Ubuntu 22.04
Debian 12
EL 7.9 / 8.9 / 9.3
Ubuntu 22.04 / 20.04
Debian 11 / 12
EL 7.x / 8.x / 9.x
Ubuntu 22.x / 20.x
Debian 11.x / 12.x
EL / Debian / Ubuntu
UOS / Anolis / CloudOS
And, be spoke…
Arch Support x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64
arm64 / aarch64
All Other Modules
All Other Modules
All Other Modules
SLA - 5 x 8 (<48h) 5 x 8 (<4h) 7 x 24 (on-call)
Cost Like Compare to
Part-Time Operators
??% Junior DBA
100 vCPU RDS
??% DBA

Pigsty Pro offers an expanded range of features, supporting a wider variety of operating system distributions, PostgreSQL major versions, and a richer set of extension plugins. It also includes offline software packages tailored for each OS minor version to ensure optimal compatibility.

Pigsty subscriptions operate on an annual payment model, providing users with an annual license for the Pigsty commercial version. This includes access to the latest software versions and upgrade paths released within the year, along with comprehensive consulting, Q&A, and service support. A larger scale implies more complex scenarios, more issues, and a higher chance of failure events: thus, each subscription comes with a node scale limit. For example, if you are using the Pro subscription and manage 15 nodes, you will need to pay an additional subscription fee for each node beyond the limit (10,000 RMB per node).

Pigsty’s pricing strategy ensures value for money — you can immediately obtain top-notch DBA database architecture solutions and management best practices, all backed by consulting, Q&A, and service support, at a cost that is highly competitive compared to find-out & hiring rare database Guru or using cloud RDS.

If you have the following needs, please consider our subscription:

  • Running databases in critical scenarios and needing strict SLA guarantees.
  • Seeking backup for Pigsty and PostgreSQL-related issues.
  • Wanting guidance on best practices for PostgreSQL/Pigsty production environments.
  • Needing experts to help interpret monitoring charts, analyze and locate performance bottlenecks and fault root causes, and provide opinions.
  • Planning a database architecture that meets security, disaster recovery, and compliance requirements based on existing resources and business needs.
  • Needing to migrate other databases to PostgreSQL, or migrate and transform legacy instances.
  • Building an observability system, data dashboard, and visualization application based on the Prometheus/Grafana tech stack.
  • Seeking support for domestic trusted operating systems/domestic trusted ARM chip architectures and providing Chinese/localized interface support.
  • Moving off the cloud and seeking an open-source alternative to RDS for PostgreSQL - a cloud-neutral, vendor-lock-in-free solution.
  • Seeking professional technical support for Redis/ETCD/MinIO/Greenplum/Citus/TimescaleDB.
  • Wanting to avoid the restrictions of the AGPLv3 license of Pigsty itself, doing derivative works being forced to use the same open-source license for secondary development and branding.
  • Consider selling Pigsty as SaaS/PaaS/DBaaS or providing technical services/consulting services based on this distribution.

Service subscriptions are divided into two different levels, Standard Service Agreement, and Enterprise Service Agreement, as shown in the table below:

Commercial support contact: Email:, WeChat: pigsty-cc / RuohangFeng


We offer retail expert days that can be used for database architecting, failure analysis, postmortem, troubleshooting, performance analysis, problem-solving, teaching, and training, which can be purchased as needed.

  • Top Expert: 3,000 $ / day
  • Senior Expert: 2,000 ¥ / day

The above prices are exclusive of taxes. The minimum unit is half a day, less than that will be charged as half a day. Price is doubled outside regular working hours (5x8), and it’s tripled on public holidays. Pricing & Discount may vary depending on the industry and the technical level of the client’s team.

Expert days need to be arranged at least one day before. Emergency failure responding is not applicable here and only available to subscribed customers.

We offer teaching and training services on PostgreSQL, priced as follows:

  • PostgreSQL Application Development: 1 x expert day, up to 20 people.
  • PostgreSQL Management & Operation: 1 x expert day, up to 20 people.
  • PostgreSQL Kernel Architecture: 2 x expert day, up to 10 people.

We offer deployment consulting and architecting services, priced as follows:

  • Planning a deployment solution based on your existing resources and needs.
  • 150 $/h, at least one hour per case, remote only. Delivery includes the pigsty.yml file.