目录结构

介绍Pigsty默认设置的目录结构

以下参数与Pigsty目录结构相关

  • pg_dbsu_home:Postgres默认用户的家目录,默认为/var/lib/pgsql
  • pg_bin_dir:Postgres二进制目录,默认为/usr/pgsql/bin/
  • pg_data:Postgres数据库目录,默认为/pg/data
  • pg_fs_main:Postgres主数据盘挂载点,默认为/export
  • pg_fs_bkup:Postgres备份盘挂载点,默认为/var/backups(可选,也可以选择备份到主数据盘上)

概览

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Create Directory
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# this assumes that
#   /pg is shortcut for postgres home
#   {{ pg_fs_main }} contains the main data             (MUST ALREADY MOUNTED)
#   {{ pg_fs_bkup }} contains archive and backup data   (MUST ALREADY MOUNTED)
#   cluster-version is the default parent folder for pgdata (e.g pg-test-12)
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# default variable:
#     pg_fs_main = /export           fast ssd
#     pg_fs_bkup = /var/backups      cheap hdd
#
#     /pg      -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12
#     /pg/data -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12/data
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- name: Create postgresql directories
  tags: pg_dir
  become: yes
  block:
    - name: Make sure main and backup dir exists
      file: path={{ item }} state=directory owner=root mode=0777
      with_items:
        - "{{ pg_fs_main }}"
        - "{{ pg_fs_bkup }}"

    # pg_cluster_dir:    "{{ pg_fs_main }}/postgres/{{ pg_cluster }}-{{ pg_version }}"
    - name: Create postgres directory structure
      file: path={{ item }} state=directory owner={{ pg_dbsu }} group=postgres mode=0700
      with_items:
        - "{{ pg_fs_main }}/postgres"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/bin"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/log"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/tmp"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/conf"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/data"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/meta"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/stat"
        - "{{ pg_cluster_dir }}/change"
        - "{{ pg_backup_dir }}/postgres"
        - "{{ pg_backup_dir }}/arcwal"
        - "{{ pg_backup_dir }}/backup"
        - "{{ pg_backup_dir }}/remote"

PG二进制目录结构

在RedHat/CentOS上,默认的Postgres发行版安装位置为

/usr/pgsql-${pg_version}/

安装剧本会自动创建指向当前安装版本的软连接,例如,如果安装了13版本的Postgres,则有:

/usr/pgsql -> /usr/pgsql-13

因此,默认的pg_bin_dir/usr/pgsql/bin/,该路径会在/etc/profile.d/pgsql.sh中添加至所有用户的PATH环境变量中。

PG数据目录结构

Pigsty假设用于部署数据库实例的单个节点上至少有一块主数据盘(pg_fs_main),以及一块可选的备份数据盘(pg_fs_bkup)。通常主数据盘是高性能SSD,而备份盘是大容量廉价HDD。

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Create Directory
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# this assumes that
#   /pg is shortcut for postgres home
#   {{ pg_fs_main }} contains the main data             (MUST ALREADY MOUNTED)
#   {{ pg_fs_bkup }} contains archive and backup data   (MAYBE ALREADY MOUNTED)
#   {{ pg_cluster }}-{{ pg_version }} is the default parent folder 
#    for pgdata (e.g pg-test-12)
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# default variable:
#     pg_fs_main = /export           fast ssd
#     pg_fs_bkup = /var/backups      cheap hdd
#
#     /pg      -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12
#     /pg/data -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12/data

PG数据库集簇目录结构

# basic
{{ pg_fs_main }}     /export                      # contains all business data (pg,consul,etc..)
{{ pg_dir_main }}    /export/postgres             # contains postgres main data
{{ pg_cluster_dir }} /export/postgres/pg-test-13  # contains cluster `pg-test` data (of version 13)
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/bin            # binary scripts
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/log            # misc logs
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/tmp            # tmp, sql files, records
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/conf           # configurations
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/data           # main data directory
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/meta           # identity information
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/stat           # stats information
                     /export/postgres/pg-test-13/change         # changing records

{{ pg_fs_bkup }}     /var/backups                      # contains all backup data (pg,consul,etc..)
{{ pg_dir_bkup }}    /var/backups/postgres             # contains postgres backup data
{{ pg_backup_dir }}  /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13  # contains cluster `pg-test` backup (of version 13)
                     /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/backup   # base backup
                     /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/arcwal   # WAL archive
                     /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/remote   # mount NFS/S3 remote resources here

# links
/pg             -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12               # pg root link
/pg/data        -> /export/postgres/pg-test-12/data          # real data dir
/pg/backup      -> /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/backup   # base backup
/pg/arcwal      -> /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/arcwal   # WAL archive
/pg/remote      -> /var/backups/postgres/pg-test-13/remote   # mount NFS/S3 remote resources here

Pgbouncer配置文件结构

Pgbouncer使用Postgres用户运行,配置文件位于/etc/pgbouncer。配置文件包括:

  • pgbouncer.ini,主配置文件
  • userlist.txt:列出连接池中的用户
  • pgb_hba.conf:列出连接池用户的访问权限
  • database.txt:列出连接池中的数据库
最后修改 2021-02-24: update concept docs (037a71e)